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Grammar tests / грамматические тесты.

1. In the London Tube

Tom (to look) forward to his first journey by tube, as the under-ground railway in London is called. He (to hear) a great deal about it from his friends who already (to be) in England.
Tom (to enter) the station shortly after five o'clock in the afternoon. This is a bad time to travel in London, both by bus and train, because crowds of people go home from work at this hour. He (to bin) a long line of people who (to queue) for tickets. When at last his turn, (to come), he (to have) some difficulty in making the man understand the name of the station he (to want) to go to. He (to get) the right ticket in the end and, by asking several people the way, he also (to find) the right platform. It was full of people who (to come) earlier. He (to be swept) on to the train by the rush of people from behind. The doors (to close) and the train (to move off). He (to be unable) to see the names of the stations where the train (to stop), but before he (to get) on the train he (to count) the number of stops, so he (to know) exactly where to get off.

2. Names of London Streets

You (to wonder, ever) how the names of the streets and districts came by? Most of them are connected with the history of the city. If you (to read) books by English writers or (to see) English films then you (to hear) such names as Trafalgar Square, Soho, Piccadilly, Charing Cross.
Piccadilly Circus is a fine street which (to see) much history over the centuries. For generations Piccadilly (to be) the heart of London. Now it is a focal point where as many as 50,000 people gather on New Year's Eve. Piccadilly is called after the man who (to grow) rich by making high collars called "piccadillies". He (to build) a grand house which he (to call) "Piccadilla Hall", and the name (to live on).
Charing Cross is a very old place in London. Once there (to be) a small village. The villagers (to make) charcoal of wood. So the village (to be called) Charing. When in 1291 the English queen Eleonor (to die) outside London, her husband (to decide) to bury her body in Westminster Abbey. At every place where the funeral procession (to stop) a wooden cross (to be erected). The last place (to be) at Charing and since then the place (to be called) Charing Cross.

3. Mark Twain

One day Mark Twain ... 1) (to arrive) at Salamanka, New York, where he ... 2) (to be) to change trains. The people on the platform ... 3) (to try) to get into the train which ... 4) (to pack) already. He ... 5) (to ask) if he ... 6) (can) have a sleeping car, but the answer was: "No." He ... 7) (to feel) hurt. And his companion ... 8) (not to believe) they ... 9) (to give) anything.
But just then Mark Twain ... 10) (to notice) that the porter of a sleeping car ... 11) (to look) at him. He ... 12) (to see) the expression of his face suddenly ... 13) (to change). He ... 14) (to whisper) something to the uniformed conductor and Mark Twain ... 15) (to understand) that he ... 16) (to talk) about. Then the conductor ... 17) (to come) forward, his face all politeness. He ... 18) (to offer) Mark Twain a big family compartment and asked if there ... 19) (to be) anything he ... 20) (to want).

4. Harvey Maxwell and stenographer

At 9 o'clock Harvey Maxwell, a broker, ,..1) (to enter) his office together with his young stenographer, Miss Leslie, and ... 2) (to hurry) to his desk where a heap of letters and telegrams ... 3) (to wait) for him.
But the young stenographer ... 4) (to stand) before Mr. Maxwell's table and ... 5) (to watch) him for some time. The man ... 6) (to sit) at that desk was no longer a man, it ... 7) (to be) a machine.
The girl asked Mr. Pitcher, the clerk, if Mr. Maxwell ... 8) (to tell) him anything about finding another stenographer. "He ... 9) (to do)," answered Pitcher.
"I... 10) (to do) the work as usual until someone ... 11) (to come) to take my place." It ... 12) (to be) a busy day. The clerks in the office ... 13) (to jump) about like sailors during a storm. Suddenly they ... 14) (to see) a young girl ... 15) (to enter) the office. It... 16) (to be) a new stenographer. But Mr. Maxwell ... 17) (to say) they already ... 18) (to have) a very good stenographer. The girl ... 19) (to shrug) her shoulders and ... 20 ) (to go away).

5. Peter and Mary

Peter and Mary (to stand) at the top of the steps at the railway station. They (to wait) for John and Julie. John and Julie (to come) on the twelve o'clock train People (to walk) up and down the steps, and Peter and Mary (to watch) them and (to talk). They (to wonder) what the different people (to do) there at the entrance to the station. Then Mary said: "Some of the people (to walk) slowly up the steps, but some of them (to run) Than man (to walk) very fast and (to look) very worried and unhappy. I wonder what he (to hurry) for. This (not to be) the rush hour. Now there (to be) some schoolchildren. They have all got big cases." Peter (to explain) that the children (to be going) back to school. They (to carry) books and clothes in their cases. Their teacher (to take) them back to school. He asked Julie if she could see the man with a pack of mountain-boots over his shoulder. He and his wife (to limp) after their first mountain holiday. Then Peter and Miry (to look) round and (to see) their friends John and Julie.

6. King Edward

Till the end of the 13th century Wales ... 1) (to be) independent of England. In the 13th century the army of King Edward ... 2) (to defeat) the Welsh Army. During the battles of 1282-1284 the great chiefs of the Welsh Llewellyn and his brother David ... 3) (to kill).
Early in the morning the chiefs ... 4) (to come) up to the castle where King Edward and his wife ... 5) (to live). They ... 6) (to say) their people ... 7) (not to want)... 8) (to rule) by the English King but by a man who ... 9) (to be born) in Wales, who ... 10) (to speak) their language and ... 11) (not to know) a word of English. He should also ... 12) (to be) an honest man who ... 13) (to do) nobody harm. Edward ... 14) (to answer) he ... 15) (to think) and ... 16) (to give) his answer.
A week hardly ... 17) (to pass) when a lot of people ... 18) (to lead) by chief ... 19) (to gather) near the King's castle again.

7. In the Library

The silence of the Reference Library (to break) only by the sound of pages which (to be turned over). There (to be) about twenty people in the room. The assistant librarian who (to be) in charge of the room (to sit) at a desk in one corner. She (to glance) at Philip as he (to come) in, then (to go) on with her work.
Philip (not to be) to this part of the library before. He (to walk) around the room almost on tiptoe. The shelves (to be filled) with thick volumes. He (to find) nothing that was likely to interest him, until he (to come) to a small section on photography, which (to be) one of his hobbies. The books in this section (to be) on a high shelf out of his reach, so he (to take) a ladder standing near by. As he (to climb) down the ladder, the book he (to choose) slipped from his grasp and (to fall) to the floor with a loud crash. Twenty pairs of eyes (to look) up at him annoyed by this disturbance.

8. Mrs.Davies

Mrs.Davies is the oldest person in Elm Street She (live)1 in it all her life and (see)2 a lot of changes here. She says she (be)3 always ready (discuss)4 these changes with people.
One day Kelly, a reporter, (phone)5 Mrs.Davies and (ask)6 her for an interview. When Kelly came, Mrs.Davies (lie)7 on the sofa (read) a newspaper. She said she (feel)9 bad but (add)10 that she (speak)11 to the girl. Mrs.Davies (ask)12 where and when she (be)13 born and how long she (live)14 in house № 20. "We (move)15 into № 20 during the war when a bomb (fall)16 on my old house next door", Mrs.Davies explained. "We (live)17 in the largest room of the house while they (repair)18 the rest of the rooms".
"You (be)19 here ever since?" - Kelly asked. Mrs.Davies (nod)20.

9. Androclus

In ancient Rome there lived a poor slave who (call)1 Androclus. He had a very bad master and one day Androclus (run)2 away. For many days he (hide)3 in the forest without any food. He (be going)4 (die)5 as he (not eat)6 anything for a long time. He (find)7 a cave, (lie)3 on the ground and (fall)9 asleep. But soon he (wake up)10 by a loud noise. To his horror Androclus (see)11 a big lion (come)12 into the cave. The next moment Androclus (understand)13 that something (happen)14 to the lion's foot. He (can)15 hardly (move)16. The slave (raise)I7 the lion's paw and (see)18 a big thorn in it. He (pull)19 it out and the lion (jump)20 with joy.

10. Blowing Hot and Cold with the Same Breath

There was once a wild man who (live)1 on a hill which (be)2 far in a forest. He was a simple man and seldom (speak)3 to other people.
One day he (notice)4 a man (walk)5 along a path in the forest below the hill. He (run)6 down to him and said: "I want to talk to you. You (come up)7 to my home and (have)8 a talk with me?" The man agreed. They (climb)9 the hill together. As it (be)10 a cold day, the stranger (breathe)11 on his hands. "What you (do)12?" - asked the wild man. "I (blow)13 on my hands".
"Why you (do)14 it?"
"My hands (be)15 cold. I want them (become)16 warm".
"I (understand)17" - said the wild man.
When they came to the house on the hill, the wild man (make)18 the stranger (drink)19 a cup of boiling milk.

11. A Philosopher

Once a philosopher travelled down a river in a small boat. While he (cross)1 the river he (ask)2 the boatman: "You ever (hear)3 about Philosophy?" "No," - (say)4 the boatman. "I never (hear)5 about it. What (be)6 it?" "I (be)7 sorry for you, indeed," replied the learned man, "you (lose)8 a quarter of your life as it's a very interesting science!" Several minutes later the Philosopher asked the boatman another question: "You (hear)9 about Astronomy, when you (be)10 at school?" "No, I (leave)11 school many years ago and I (forget)12 all about it", - was the answer. To this the philosopher answered that he (be)13 really sorry for the man, and he (think)14 that the boatman (lose)15 a second quarter of his life.
Some minutes passed and the passenger again (wonder)16 if the man ever (hear)17 about Algebra. And the man (have to)18 admit that he never (know)19 about it. "In that case you certainly (lose)20 a third quarter of your life!" - said the scientist.

12. Rumpelstiltskin

Once upon a time there was a poor man who was very proud of his daughter. He (think)1 that his daughter (be)2 the smartest, kindest and sweetest child in the whole wide world. The father (love)3 (talk)4 about the wonderful things his daughter (can)5 (do)6. Soon, the King (hear)7 about the girl who (can)8 do such an unusual thing as (spin)9 gold out of straw. The girl's father (send for)10 and (order)11 to bring the girl to the palace.
So, the girl (bring)12 to the palace where the King (wait)13 for her. He (take)14 her into a small room with lots of straw and a spinning-wheel. He warned her that if she not (spin)15 all that straw into gold she (die)16. The poor girl (sit)17 down on the floor and (begin)18 (cry)19 as she never (do)20 such a thing in her life.

13. To Marry or not to Marry

Denis heard the big heavy door (close)1 behind him and (turn)2 (see)3 that there (be)4 no handle. He tried (make)5 the door (open)6 but (not, can)7. Somebody (lock)8 it.
Suddenly a weak voice said: "(Come)9 in, young man. I (be)10 here since morning in the hope of being able (hear)11 your foot-steps". The voice hardly (hear)12. Denis (raise)13 his head (see)14 a little white-haired man in the light of the fire. Denis (speak)15. "I (be)16 afraid, you (make)17 a mistake. You (wait)18 for another man. I (arrive)19 in the town lately and (not know)20 anyone here yet."

14. The Lost Address

Dear Ann,
I would (like)1 (tell)2 you about a strange thing that (happen)3 to me a few days ago. As you probably (know)4, George, a friend of mine, recently (move)5 in a new flat. I (know)6 George all my life. We (meet)7 in 1977 and we (be)8 friends ever since.
So, he (give)9 me a call yesterday (invite)10 me to his Saturday party (celebrate)11 his house-warming. I carefully (write)12 his new telephone number on a piece of paper that (lie)13 on the table. While I (speak)14 to George, the door bell (ring)15. I (hang up)16 and (go)17 (open)18 the door. I didn't notice the paper (fall)19 down on the floor.

15. The Unfortunate Tandem

It happened while Mr.Harris and his wife sitting on the tandem behind him (cycle)1 through Holland. The roads (be)2 stony and the bicycle often (jump)3. "Sit tight", (say)4 Harris to his wife, without turning his head. But Mrs.Harris (think)3 he (say)6 "Jump down!". Why she (think)7 he (say)8 "Jump down" neither of them (can)8 (explain)10 later. Mrs.Harris (jump down)11 while Harris (go on)12 thinking that she (sit)13 still behind him. At first she (think)14 he (want)15 simply (show)16 his skill and (return)17 when he (reach)18 the hill. But when he (pass)19 the hill and (disappear)20 in the wood she begin (cry)21, as she (have)22 no money, she (not know)23 Dutch.

Keys / ключи.

1.
1) looked / was looking
2) had heard
3) had already been
4) entered
5) joined
6) queued
7) came
8) had
9) wanted
10) got
11) found
12) had come
13) was swept
14) closed
15) moved off
16) was unable
17) stopped
18) got
19) had counted
20) knew

2.
1) have you ever wondered
2) have read
3) have seen
4) have heard
5) has seen
6) has been
7) has grown / grew
8) built
9) called
10) has lived on
11) was
12) made
13) was called
14) died
15) decided
16) stopped
17) was erected
18) was
19) has been called

3.
1) arrived
2) was
3) were trying / tried
4) had been packed / was packed
5) asked
6) could
7) felt
8) didn't believe
9) would be given
10) noticed
11) was looking
12) saw
13) change
14) whispered
15) understood
16) was being talked
17) came
18) offered
19) was
20) wanted

4.
1) entered
2) hurried
3) were waiting
4) stood
5) watched
6) sitting
7) was
8) had told
9) did
10) will do
11) come
12) was
13) jumped
14) saw
15) entering
16) was
17) said
18) already had
19) shrugged
20) went away

5.
1) were standing
2) were waiting
3) were coming
4) were walking
5) were watching
6) talking
7) wondered
8) were doing
9) are walking
10) are running
11) is walking
12) looking
13) is hurrying
14) is not
15) are
16) explained
17) were going
18) were carrying
19) was taking
20) were limping
21) looked
22) saw

6.
1) was
2) defeated
3) were killed
4) came
5) lived
6) said
7) didn't want
8) to be ruled
9) was born
10) spoke / would speak
11) didn't know
12) be
13) did / had done / would do
14) answered
15) would think
16) give
17) had passed
18) led
19) gathered

7.
1) was broken
2) were being turned over
3) were
4) was
5) was sitting
6) glanced
7) was coming
8) went
9) hadn't been
10) was walking
11) were filled
12) found
13) came
14) was
15) were
16) took
17) was climbing
18) had chosen
19) fell
20) looked

8.
1) has lived
2) has seen
3) is
4) to discuss
5) phoned
6) asked
7) was lying
8) reading
9) felt
10) added
11) would speak
12) was asked
13) was
14) had lived
15) moved
16) fell
17) lived
18) were repairing
19) Have you been
20) nodded

9.
1) was called
2) ran
3) hid
4) was going
5) to die
6) hadn't eaten
7) found
8) lay
9) fell
10) was woken up
11) saw
12) coming
13) understood
14) had happened
15) could
16) move
17) raised
18) saw
19) pulled
20) jumped

10.
1) lived
2) was
3) spoke
4) noticed
5) walking
6) ran
7) will you come up
8) have
9) climbed
10) was
11) breathed
12) are you doing

11.
1) was crossing
2) asked
3) have you ever heard
4) said
5) have never heard
6) is
7) am
8) have lost
9) Did you hear
10) were
11) left
12) have forgotten
13) was
14) thought
15) had lost
16) wondered
17) had ever heard
18) had to
19) had never known
20) have lost

12.
1) thought
2) was
3) loved
4) to talk
5) could
6) do
7) heard
8) could
9) spin
10) was sent for
11) ordered
12) was brought
13) was waiting
14) took
15) didn't spin
16) would die
17) sat
18) began
19) crying / to cry
20) had never done

13.
1) close
2) turned
3) to see
4) was
5) to make
6) open
7) couldn't
8) had locked
9) come
10) have been
11) to hear
12) was hardly heard
13) raised
14) to see
15) spoke
16) am
17) have made
18) have been waiting
19) have arrived
20) don't know

14.
1) like
2) to tell
3) happened
4) know
5) has recently moved
6) have known
7) met
8) have been
9) gave
10) to invite
11) to celebrate
12) wrote
13) was lying
14) was speaking
15) rang
16) hung up
17) went
18) to open
19) fall

15.
1) were cycling
2) were
3) jumped
4) said
5) thought
6) had said
7) had thought
8) had said
9) could
10) explain
11) jumped down
12) went on
13) was still sitting
14) thought
15) wanted
16) to show
17) would return
18) reached
19) passed
20) disappeared
21) crying / to cry
22) had
23) didn't know
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